Last April, Diane rescued Cocomo and 2 other horses. The owner gave them up, which was hard, but best for them. Anyway, when Diane got them, Cocomo was severely underweight, wormy, and needed a lot of care. Over the months of care, he now has a new home with Susan. She hasn't had a horse since her teenage years, and this is a dream come true for her. Wish Susan the best and happiest with Cocomo!
Here is a wonderful Curly rescue story. Emma is 16 years old. Her family are all horse-crazy people. Yet she couldn't ride, train, show or anything because of severe allergies. In fact, she even tried out some Curly horses, and still had problems.
Nichol was rescued long with Cocomo. Her weight wasn't as bad, but she still needed a lot of care and attention.
Emma came to try out Nichol and VIOLA! No allergic reaction! She has had her for a month now, even rides her bareback. No problems at all! Emma and Nichol are great friends!
We are a Curly Horse Adoption, Rescue,and Emergency Relocation Financial Assistance Organization. Our main mission is to help out financially, people who intend to adopt or rescue Curly Horses. We also plan to assist in Disaster
Relief Relocation for Curly Horses.
Adopting or Rescuing a Curly Horse will be a meaningful and entertaining adventure. Curlies are a people orientated breed and love to interact with their owners. People who own Curlies love their kind attitudes and mellow demeanor.
Curly Horse Advocates is located in Caldwell, TX. Please call 979-535-4426 to inquire about the Curly Horse or to ask how you can help out with this wonderful organization.
Join me in supporting our new campaign Help with rescues, adoptions, scholarships, and MORE! (https://www.customink.com/.../help-with-rescues-adoptions...)! All funds raised will go directly to Curly Horse Advocates.
Help support our Fundraising campaign.
Here is the shirt that is ordered. The sale will last for 4 weeks. At that time, they will be printed and mailed out, or you can pick them up at my house (for those who live close to me.) If this goes well, then I'll do caps. If you aren't able to order youth sizes, let me know, and when this sale is done, I'll order the youth shirts then.
There are 3 types of curly genes that are most common today. There is one type that has become extinct already-the Pendleton gene (this horse did not lose its curls in summer). There are 2 types that are rare, and not seen in any ABCR or ICHO horse today.
The curly genes identified so far have different effects on the horse. They can also be mixed, meaning curly horses can have one, or both types.
We are going to try to explain some differences. Take a sentence for example: The cat ate the rat. If we change a “c” to a “k”, it becomes ‘The kat ate the rat’. Not much difference in meaning, just spelling. But change the ‘r’ to a ‘b’, and it becomes ‘the cat ate the bat’. A totally different meaning.
The names of these 2 most common genes is KRT25 and SP6. So far, these types have been seen only in horses of US origin. The one horse that has been identified as having both is Renegait Chesterfield, owned by Angie Gaines.
Most curlies today have the KRT25. If homozygous for it, you see what is commonly referred to as an ‘extreme’, coarse hair, no tail, no mane. If heterozygous, they will have mane and tail, but still very easily lost if pulled on. This gene could have mutated in a DNA strand anywhere from 100-thousands of years ago. The hair is curly due to the hair follicle being curved. As the hair grows, it comes out curly.
SP6 if found mostly in the Curly Jim line. Besides having curl, they also have thick manes and tails. This gene affects the hair follicle by turning it into an oval shape. The more the shape, the curlier the hair.
KRT25 is epistatic to SP6 (KRT 25 overrides SP6).
Some curly horses don’t have either, and this is where the new discoveries need to happen. These unknown genes are endangered, and can be lost if lines of horses disappear and their genes aren’t/can’t be studied. One of these is the Sulphur horse. There are only 2 known Sulphur curly horses. They don’t have KRT25 or SP6, yet are curly. And their line is almost gone.
The Cook gene is another rare, unidentified gene. They also do not have KRT25 or SP6, yet show the curly coat. There are some out there, but tests still need to be done to identify their curly gene, and how it works. Cook was a neighbor of Damele’s, so it is possible horses of the Damele lines could have the unknown Cook gene.
Listed below are horses who may have the Cook gene. If you have, or know of someone who has a horse listed, or a progeny from it, please ask them to contact Dr. Wilkinson, and get hair to him, for testing. The list is below, as well as contact information. If the horse is on this list, Dr. Wilkinson will pay for the testing. If not, the owner will have to pay for the testing.
Ravishing Beauty ABC#?????
Sire-Houdini ABC# 468
Kara Mia ABC# 1171
Ne-Hi Majic ABC# 1172 (hair sample tested)-but need blood if it was ever taken
Gemstar Majic ABC# 1161
CPS Woody ABC# 4014
Magjie Rainmaker ABC# 1232
Copper Majic ABC# 1162
Kodiak Majic ABC# 2260 (waiting on blood from Austria, already have hair sample tested).
Lacy Lady ABC# 2325
There are other curly horses in the world without the KRT25, SP6, Sulphur, or Cook lines. Dr. Wilkinson and Dr. Gus Cothran are hoping to be able to eventually get samples and test them for their curly genes.
Dr. Mitch Wilkinson
P.O. Box 234
Pagosa Springs, CO 81147
NEWS FROM DR MITCH!
In July Dr Mitch Wilkinson and Dr Gus Cothran will be submitting an article for a grant to study the Bald Gene in Curly Horses. If successful, the grant will give item $50,000. But they need horses for the study! As horses are posted, the names of their owners, or previous owners, will not be shown. On some horses listed below, they just need to know if they have the bald pattern. On some horses, they can use blood or hair samples if the owners are willing.
Here is a list and if anyone has a curly with the bald pattern, please let Mitch know. You can email him directly at: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Smoky's Black Jewel
Oakesmuir Canadian Ranger
Stag Creek Marianne D
Stag Creek Chotay
Painted Dunn Deal
BNC Kodiak Jack
OYY Tambourine Man
CMC Fancy Girl
Rationale: Alopecia totalis ( complete hair loss) and partial alopecia ( irregular bald patches) are found in Equus cabalas populations that express the long, curly winter coat trait. These conditions can be seen in the North American curly horse populations, as well as, curly coated Criollo horse populations in Argentina and the Zabaykalskaya breed of Southern Siberia. Histological examinations show this condition is associated with follicular dysplasia. (1)
Two causative gene mutations for curly coats have been identified in North American curly horses. Both mutations are located on the equine chromosome 11. A missense variant within the KRT25 gene (KRT25:p.R89H) was identified as the causative mutation responsible for the majority of curly horses in North America. (2) A second missense variant located within the transcription factor SP6 accounted for curly coated North American horses found within the Missouri Fox Trotter breed.(3) These two mutations do not explain the curly winter coats in at least two other North American populations nor populations found in Argentina, Siberia, or the Middle East.
Horses having the SP6 variant do not show signs of alopecia, but all other types do. (7) The other populations in Asia and South America have tested negative for the presence of the KRT25 variant, but have a coat phenotype consistent with Type I keratin mutations similar to KRT25 and exhibit alopecia. (4) (7)
Preliminary Data: Testing of other curly populations in Asia, and North and South America show that these populations do not have the KRT25 or the SP6 curly coat producing variants. Yet, a small percentage of horses in these populations dosuffer from alopecia. Test results, photographs, banked samples, and family trees have been compiled for this study.
Potential Impact for Animal Health: In all cases identified above, curly coated horses with alopecia exist in small numbers. Many curly horse breeds are on the verge of extinction. Identification and understanding the interactions of the genetic mutations responsible for partial and total alopecia in these curly horse populations would be a great benefit to the animals, breeders, and conservationists interested in curly horse preservation for future generations.
Dr. Mitch Wilkinson and Dr. Gus Cothran
Your support and contributions will enable us to meet our goals and improve conditions. Your generous donation will fund our mission.